Certificate in Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics

Program Description:

R. Scott Conley, DMD

Jean-Marc Retrouvey, DMD, MSc, Chair; Steve Billings, DDS; Frank Crist, DDS, MS; Scott Hamilton, DDS, MSD; Genavieve Hendrickson, DDS, MS; Michael Klein, DDS; Steve Malmstrom, DDS; Dan Ranjibar, DDS; Brad Smith, DDS; Don Wilson, DDS

Program Overview

The advanced education program in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics has existed since 1946. UMKC Orthodontics Alumni are located in many states and some foreign countries.

This is a full-time, 30-month residency program that begins July 1st. It is designed to prepare the resident for community practice of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. Curriculum emphasis is placed on the edgewise technique and on interceptive and functional treatment. Management of craniofacial anomalies is taught didactically and clinically in association with the craniofacial team at Children's Mercy Hospital. Objective inquiry and statistical validation are emphasized in all aspects of this program. Completion of an original research project and paper is required. The computerized clinic facility is a working-research model that simulates the private practice environment. Courses, clinics, and dedicated research time are organized to facilitate the completion of an MS or PhD degree in Oral and Craniofacial Sciences. A separate application is required for the MS or PhD program after acceptance into the orthodontics residency.

Application and Acceptance

An applicant for this program must be a citizen of the United States or permanent resident in the United States. Applicants must also submit evidence of graduation from a school of dentistry accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation or the Canadian Dental Accrediting Commission. A minimum dental school 3.0 GPA and completion of the GRE is required for all applicants.

Applications are considered from the following groups:

  • Fourth-year dental students from American Dental Association (ADA) or Canadian Dental Association (CDA) Accredited schools who are in the top 50 percent of their graduating class.
  • Graduates of ADA or CDA accredited dental schools who ranked in the top 50 percent of their graduating classes and have satisfactorily completed a general practice residency or other dental specialty program prior to application.
  • Graduates of a School of Dentistry who ranked in the top 50 percent of their class and have been in general practices.

Selection of candidates is a twofold process. First, candidates are stratified on the basis of academic and professional performance: passing the national board examinations, GRE scores, class standing, other advanced education program education, practice experience, leadership roles in organized dental groups, dental school teaching, research experience and recommendations are considered. Preferences will be given to individuals who limit their applications to programs participating in MATCH.

Secondly, applicants meeting screening criteria are invited for interviews. All interviews are conducted at the School of Dentistry on the same day and all invited candidates must attend this session to be eligible for final selection into the class. If offered a position in a class, this offer, like all offers from the University, is contingent upon a successful background screening. In order to begin the background screening, you must complete a Disclosure form and return it to Human Resources within two business days. Three residents are accepted into this program annually.  Accepted residents must successfully complete a U.S. regional or equivalent Canadian clinical licensure exam prior to or no later than the end of the first year of residency.

Application for admission MUST be through the ADEA PASS program and completed on or before August 15 of the year prior to planned enrollment. For more information, check the website Important Information for Applicants.


Orthodontic residents will receive an annual stipend of $20,000 paid on a monthly basis.

Tuition and Fees

Estimated tuition and fee costs may be found on the cashier's website (https://www.umkc.edu/cashiers/tuition-fees/index.html). There are additional costs for books, laptop computer and required meeting attendance associated with this program.


Residents are required to pay an "instrument usage" fee to the school. All instruments are provided and are maintained by the Central Sterilization program of the school.

Financial Assistance

Up-to-date information on additional financial assistance may be found in the school financial aids charts at https://finaid.umkc.edu/.

Student Learning Outcomes

Residents enrolled in the Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics Advanced Education Program must meet the following student learning outcomes:

  1. Demonstrate diagnostic skills:
    1. Obtain high quality (ABO quality) pretreatment diagnostic records to determination the appropriate facial, skeletal and dental diagnoses related to the morphology of the craniofacial complex in three dimensions
    2. Coordinate with other medical and dental professionals for additional diagnostic records (including but not limited to MRI, blood work, genetics evaluation) to aid where necessary to determination the appropriate facial, skeletal and dental diagnoses related to the morphology of the craniofacial complex in three dimensions
    3. Obtain regular and consistent high quality (ABO quality) interim records for periodic updates to determine the appropriate facial, skeletal and dental diagnoses related to the morphology of the craniofacial complex in three dimensions
    4. Show competency in the use and application of the American Board of Orthodontics Discrepancy Index
    5. Show competency in the use and application of one or more cephalometric analyses to support and defend the appropriate facial, skeletal and dental diagnoses related to the morphology of the craniofacial complex in three dimensions
  2. Demonstrate an ability to formulate and deliver clinically appropriate and patient specific treatment goals and treatment plan, design and deliver appropriate biomechanics for:
    1. Correction of dentoalveolar malocclusions
    2. Skeletal and dental malocclusions in the growing patient
    3. Skeletal and dental malocclusions in the nongrowing patient (i.e. orthognathic surgery and/or craniofacial surgery)
    4. Interceptive treatment
    5. Periodontally involved patients
    6. Interdisciplinary treatment
    7. Show competency in the use and application of one or more growth assessment methods to support and defend the appropriate use of growth modification via dentofacial orthopedics versus orthognathic surgery
  3. Demonstrate the ability to analyze treatment outcomes using high quality (ABO quality) pretreatment, interim, and post-treatment records, including but not limited to photographs, models (digital and/or plaster), radiographs, superimpositions to:
    1. Accurately assess the facial/soft tissue that occurred during the time treatment was rendered
    2. Accurately assess the skeletal changes that occurred during the time treatment was rendered
    3. Accurately assess the dental changes that occurred during the time treatment was rendered
    4. Using the above, accurately assess quality of the treatment outcome. Additional tools that may be used may include the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) Cast and Radiograph Evaluation (CRE) Form, ABO Objective Grading Scale (OGS) and ABO Case Management Form

Program Requirements

The following learning outcomes have been developed and adopted by the faculty. These goals, skills and knowledge every graduate must demonstrate to qualify for graduation. The Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics require these outcomes be assessed in the classroom, the laboratory, and through treatment of clinical cases over the 30-month program. Their competencies are assessed through examinations, presentations of papers, and clinical treatment comprehensive examinations.

  1. Demonstrate a commitment to learning, professionalism, societal responsibility, and contributing to generalizable knowledge through research
  2. Demonstrate a commitment to the addressing the concerns of patients and the delivery of quality care.
  3. Demonstrate the level of proficiency expected of an orthodontic specialist in the areas of diagnosis, treatment planning, and analysis of treatment outcomes.

Required Core Curriculum

BIO-SCI 5706Growth and Development I1
BIO-SCI 5707Growth and Development II1
ORTHOD 5726Cephalometric I2
ORTHOD 5727Cephalometric II2
ORTHOD 5704Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics I1
ORTHOD 5705Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedics II1
ORTHOD 5706Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics III1
ORTHOD 5707Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics IV1
ORTHOD 5708Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedics V2
ORTHOD 5709Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedics VI1
ORTHOD 5710Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedics VII2
ORTHOD 5711Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics VIII2
BIO-SCI 5710Genetics and Biochemistry of Cranial Facial Biology2
BIO-SCI 5739Biomaterials for the Dental Specialist1
BIO-SCI 5740Oral Pathology I2
BIO-SCI 5760Physiology of Oral Mineralized Tissues2
BMS 9701Clinical Anatomy of Head and Neck2
RES-ME 5700Introduction to Research Methodology2
RES-ME 5704Introduction to Biostatistics3
BIO-SCI 5751Elements of the Scientific Method1
BIO-SCI 5752Research Methods in Oral and Craniofacial Sciences2
BIO-SCI 5799Research And Thesis6
RES-ME 5703Thesis Writing1
Total Credits41

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