Courses

GEOG 105 Introduction to the Elements of Geography Credits: 3

A survey of major elements of physical and human geography, with a concise overview of the world's regions. Emphasis on global relationships and distributions, both environmental and cultural. Climates, natural vegetation, land forms, cultural origins and diffusions, economic patterns.

GEOG 150 Introduction to Physical Geography Credits: 3

This course is an introduction to the study of the natural environmental systems of earth--the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the biosphere, and the lithosphere. The primary objective of the course is to provide a broad overview of these systems at a global scale. This overview will entail descriptions of natural systems and the variations they exhibit both from place to place and through time. It will also entail explaining how natural systems operate and interact with each other, thereby providing a necessary foundation for understanding the tremendously diverse physical geography of earth. Applies to natural science requirement.

GEOG 200 World Geography I Credits: 3

A survey of the physical and human geography of the regions and nations of Europe and the Americas, with Australia and New Zealand. The approach is strongly historical, emphasizing interconnections, shared colonial backgrounds and broader global contexts in the modern world. The course is aimed at non-specialists.

GEOG 202 World Geography II Credits: 3

A survey of the physical and human geography of the regions and nations of Russia and the other former Soviet republics, the Middle East, Africa, South Asia, East Asia Southeast Asia and the Pacific Realm. The approach is strongly historical emphasizing interconnections shared colonial backgrounds, and broader global contexts in the modern world. The course is aimed at non-specialists.

GEOG 203 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Credits: 4

An introductory course covering the basic principles of geographic information systems focusing on such software programs as ARC-INFO and ARC-VIEW.

GEOG 210 Human Geography Credits: 3

A study of the geographical underpinnings and distribution of the main elements of culture, including population patterns, language, religion, political territorial organization, settlement, and economic livelihood. The environmental settings, geographic origins, diffusion, and geographic interrelationships of these culture traits are emphasized.

GEOG 215 Introduction to Weather and Climate Credits: 4

Overview of the basic components of the climate system. Emphasis is on the basic physical processes that determine global and regional climate and the linkages between components of the climate system. The theme throughout the course will be importance of climate as one of the major forcing mechanisms in environmental change. Both human-induced and natural climate variability will be covered.

GEOG 309 Urban Geography Credits: 3

Historical development, morphology and functions of urban places, including intercity relationships and the relationship between cities and their hinterlands; emphasis on American cities.

GEOG 311 Economic Geography Credits: 3

A systematic study of the modern world economy that includes discussion of the location of production and consumption, the nature and role of multinational enterprises in trade, resource limitations to growth, and cultural responses to globalization.

GEOG 314 Principles of Geomorphology Credits: 4

Explores the processes that shape the earth's surface. Focuses on the development and description of fluvial, glacial, eolian, and coastal landforms. Studies the influence of tectonic and climatic factors. Field trip.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R (or GEOLOGY 220).

GEOG 317 Cartography Credits: 4

Design and preparation, by hand and computer, of informative, effective, and attractive maps and other graphics for various geographical purposes, especially term papers, thesis, and public presentations. Lectures, discussion, and laboratory.

GEOG 319 Descriptive and Synoptic Meteorology Credits: 4

Synoptic weather observations, air mass analysis, analysis of frontal systems, weather disturbances, preparation of weather charts and diagrams used in synoptic meteorology and forecasting.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R (or GEOG 215).

GEOG 325 Cultural Perspectives on the Environment Credits: 3

This course explores the history of conservation practices in American agriculture from the 1700s through the present. Additionally, the course examines the past and present legal implications of environmental statutes for minority farmers from a social and environmental justice perspective.

Cross Listings: ENV-STDY 325.

GEOG 329 World Political Geography Credits: 3

An analysis of the influence of geographic factors (both physical and human) on the economic and political relationships of the nations of the world. Emphasis will be placed on population size and political viability of states, boundaries and frontiers as limits of national space, problems related to the spatial integration of states, and the independence and interdependence of states within the larger world political system.

GEOG 332 Cultural Geography Credits: 3

A study of the distribution and interpretation of cultural patterns throughout the world. Examined are material and non-material elements of culture such as settlement, land use, technology and belief systems. The geographic origins and diffusion of culture traits are emphasized.

GEOG 333 Geographic Elements of Urban Planning Credits: 3

Analysis of the changing form and structure of urban places from a planning viewpoint. The focus will be on land-use trends on both the intraurban and interurban levels. Covered will be such topics as planning for urban transportation, new towns, land-use planning, urban renewal, and environmental planning.

GEOG 334 Gender and the Environment Credits: 3

This course provides a survey of different ways women relate to nature. The objectives of the course are: to understand historical relationships between women and nature in the western world, to understand different theoretical approaches to studying women and nature, to explore the geography of women's activism on behalf of the environment, and to understand how women's health is linked to the environment.

Cross Listings: ENV-STDY 334.

GEOG 335 Introduction to Waste Management Credits: 3

Overview of issues in waste management. Nature and classification of waste. Municipal solid waste: disposal methods, design, construction and maintenance of sanitary landfills. Nature and sources of hazardous waste, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of hazardous waste. Types and sources of nuclear waste; disposal of high level and low level nuclear wastes. Sources, nature, handling and disposal of biologic waste. Pollution prevention, recycling and resource conservation.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R, GEOG 150, GEOLOGY 220.

GEOG 336 Principles of Soil Science Credits: 3

Study of genesis, evolution, distribution and classification of soils. Analysis of soil-forming materials and processes. Lecture, discussion and laboratory.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R, GEOLOGY 220.

GEOG 340 Geography of the United States and Canada Credits: 3

A survey of the physical and human geography of the United States and Canada. The approach is strongly historical emphasizing interconnections, shared colonial backgrounds, and broader international contexts in the Americas and around the globe. This course is aimed at non-specalists.

GEOG 341 Geography of South America Credits: 3

A study of the physical and human geography of South America, with an emphasis on cultural processes and the historical record. Contemporary issues such as economic development, trade, urbanization, and geopolitical conflicts are discussed.

GEOG 342 Geography of Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean Credits: 3

A study of the physical and human geography of Middle America, with an emphasis on cultural processes and the historical record. Contemporary issues such as economic development, trade urbanization, and geopolitical conflicts are discussed.

GEOG 350 Geography of Europe Credits: 3

A survey of the physical and human geography of the regions and nations of Europe. The approach is strongly historical, emphasizing international interconnections and broad global contexts. The course is aimed at non-specialists.

GEOG 351 Regional Geography of the Middle East Credits: 3

A study of human imprint upon the land through settlement patterns, institutions of land organization, and types of economy. Strategies for the economic development of various regions in the Middle East are discussed.

GEOG 360 Principles of Biogeography Credits: 4

This course is an introduction to biogeography that explores the patterns of plant and animal distributions from both ecological and historical perspectives. We examine past geologic and climatic conditions, as well as interactions between organisms and their environment to explain modern distributions of flora and fauna. Human interactions with plants and animals have increasingly profound consequences on distributions of flora and fauna from destruction to management. We explore the increasing importance of issues and strategies in conservation. The laboratory portion of the course builds on core ecological concepts and provides experiences of field observation, data collecting and data analysis.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R.

GEOG 398 Field Trip Credit: 1

Three-day field trip in March or April (at student's expense) for department majors. An opportunity to observe and study physical and cultural features and collect materials. Brief descriptive report of trip required.

Prerequisites: 6-9 hours of upper-level geography.

GEOG 401 Advanced Geographic Information Science Credits: 4

This course is designed for the students knowledgeable in the fundamentals of geographic information systems, who wish to gain expertise in advanced topics and applications in geographic information systems, remote sensing, and related environmental informatics. Classes are organized to encourage active learning. Students are encouraged and guided to develop their research projects by integrating related techniques of geographic information science.

Prerequisites: GEOG 203.

GEOG 402 Environmental Remote Sensing and Digital Image Analysis Credits: 4

This course will provide students with innovative techniques for landscape-level environmental analysis, geographic and geological studies, earth science research, and environmental resources management using remotely sensed data including satellite images. Students will be taught basic remote sensing concepts and technical skills, including energy radiative transfer processes in remote sensing, sensors and resolutions, computer-based image processing and classification, and remote sensing/GIS integration.

Prerequisites: GEOG 203.

GEOG 403WI History and Philosophy of Geoscience Credits: 3

A survey of geoscientific thought since antiquity. The substance of geography, geology, and environmental studies will be sought primarily in scholarly treatise and formal analytical systems including cartography, but the course also addresses geoscientific principles emerging from the history of environment, government, law, economy, religion, literature, and material culture. Readings, lectures, discussions, research, writing.

Prerequisites: RooWriter.

Cross Listings: GEOG 5503WI.

GEOG 404 Biogeography and Landscape Ecology Credits: 3

Principles and applications of biogeography and landscape ecology, emphasizing distribution of major ecosystems and related plants and animal species on earth, biodiversity, landscape patterns and processes, and physical, biological, and human interactions. The course explores ecosystem and landscape analyses using advanced GIS, remote sensing, and spatial modeling methods for real problem solving in environmental and biological research, ecosystem conservation, and urban planning and studies.

Prerequisites: GEOG 203, GEOG 402 (or GEOG 5502).

GEOG 406 Global Environmental Change Credits: 3

This course will examine the current rates of global environmental change and potential causes in the context of Earth's natural climate variability. The course will follow a seminar format. Students will read and discuss published articles on current and emerging theories of forcing mechanisms in the Earth's systems.

GEOG 412 Global Tourism Credits: 3

This course is a regional survey of world tourism. Topics include the uniqueness of place, the marketing of tourist destinations, and the cultural, economic, and environmental impacts on host societies.

Prerequisites: GEOG 105 (or GEOG 200, or GEOG 202).

Cross Listings: ENV-STDY 412.

GEOG 416 Understanding and Living with Volcanoes Credits: 3

This course will examine the distribution, tectonic setting, and morphology of a range of volcano types on Earth and a few examples from other planets. Students will study volcanic processes including explosive and passive processes and how we investigate them. This will involve discussion of volcanic hazards and hazard assessment, risk communication, and the challenges of volcanic crises response. The course will also cover how volcanoes impact the local and global economy and Earth’s climate.

Prerequisites: GEOLOGY 220 or ENV-SCI 110R/110L, and GEOG 203 or GEOG 402.

GEOG 417 Special Topics Credits: 1-3

Individual research and study of a selected topic in geography, meteorology or earth science.

GEOG 426 Paleoecology: Microfossils and Climate Change Credits: 3

Paleoecology will focus on questions addressing past environments and past climates based on the ecology of microfossils. Micro-organisms are very sensitive to a wide variety of environmental conditions including temperature, precipitation, hydrology, water chemistry, salinity, habitat, and pollution. The fossil remains of these organisms are used as proxy indicators for reconstructing past environmental conditions, climate change, vegetation dynamics, and human impacts. Students will have the opportunity to process microfossils and make interpretations based on analysis data.

GEOG 430 Energy Resources Credits: 3

This course covers the distribution, origin, and utilization of all types of energy. Topics include exploration, production, storage, transportation and conservation of carbon-based fuels, hydrologic, nuclear energy, and alternate energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, and hydrogen.

Prerequisites: ENV-SCI 110R (or GEOLOGY 220).

GEOG 435 Geoarchaeology Credits: 3

This course examines geomorphological and archaeological methods used in reconstructing sites, settlement patterns, and paleoenvironments. Explores dating methods, soils, and stratigraphy as tools for studying landscape evolution and human occupation.

Prerequisites: GEOG 314 (or GEOLOGY 314).

GEOG 437 Population Geography Credits: 3

This course analyzes human populations: how they grow, how their compositions change, and how and why people migrate from one place to another. Students will study basic demographic processes- mortality, fertility, and migration- and underline theory and techniques. Students will also examine relationships between population growth and population planning, immigration, urbanization and cities, and the environment.

GEOG 442 Quaternary Environments Credits: 3

This course reviews earth climatic history and focuses on major mechanisms for global and regional climate change. Methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction are examined, including analysis of proxy data and climate modeling. Application of these methods toward prediction of future climate change is also explored.

Prerequisites: GEOG 314 (or GEOLOGY 314), GEOG 215.

Cross Listings: GEOG 5542.

GEOG 444 Spatial Data Analysis Credits: 4

Quantitative techniques and applications of spatial data analysis. The course will cover basic geospatial analysis techniques including hypothesis testing, kriging, variagram analysis, multivariate analysis and reliability analysis. Emphasis is on practical applications rather than theories. Intended for Geology, Geography, Environmental Studies, and relevant fields. Three hours lecture and one hour computer lab per week.

GEOG 448 Satellite Climatology Credits: 4

Use of satellite observations to study the climate system. Discussions consider the development of satellite climatology, sensors, platforms and methodologies used to estimate climate variables from radiance measurements. Aspects of climate that are emphasized include could climatologies, cloud systems, atmospheric moisture, radiation budget, and land-surface conditions. Three hours lecture and one hour lab per week.

Prerequisites: GEOG 215.

GEOG 449 Global Water and Sustainability Credits: 3

This course examines the physical characteristics of water and its role in Earth systems. The challenges facing societies in as era of rapidly changing climate are explored.

Cross Listings: ENV-SCI 449.

GEOG 450 Gis Fundamentals for Research Applications Credits: 4

This course will address the needs of upper level undergraduate and graduate students who desire to learn and apply fundamental Geographic Information Systems concepts and techniques for their research projects. This course will draw on the content of the Introductory GIS course offered by the department but will also be flexible such that the individual needs or interest of students can be met through guided reading and/or tailored laboratory sessions. The Department of Geosciences GIS computer laboratory, with a variety of GIS and Remote Sensing software, will be available for this course. Only for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.

GEOG 457 North American Prehistory Credits: 3

This class offers instruction in the archaeological survey of prehistoric North America from the Arctic to northern Mexico. The course outlines cultural developments within this region form the peopling of the Americas near the end of the last Ice Age to the arrival of Europeans more than 10,000 years later. The diversification of Native American societies across this time span is examined in relation to social and environmental challenges, including the transformation of hunter-gatherer groups into chiefdoms and complex agricultural societies.

Cross Listings: ANTHRO 384.

GEOG 460 Transportation Geography Credits: 3

Relation between transportation and spatial organization, selected analytical models dealing with traffic demand, network configuration, and allocation of transport facilities; application to specific problem areas including commuting. Seminar with discussions of briefs and term paper.

GEOG 496 Geography Internship Credits: 1-6

Students obtain directed practical experience working with non-profits, governments, or private enterprises. Duties will vary based on contractual agreement between the student, host organization, and the professor.

Prerequisites: Junior standing or higher.

GEOG 499WI Geography Seminar Credits: 3

Students critique geographic research and prepare a paper and an oral presentation on an approved topic.

Prerequisites: Senior standing, RooWriter.